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Many tend to think of handicaps as physical, partly because physical disabilities may be obvious with wheelchair, crutches or braces. Many handicaps or disabilities may not be physical in nature, but are still very real. All types of handicaps affect not only the person with the handicap, but also family, friends and all those in their circle of contact.
Physical disabilities or handicaps are revealed in many different ways 3. A person with arthritis might have trouble moving due to stiffness or crippling. Gnarled fingers reveal the ravages of an arthritic condition. Those who've had accidents may have any number of physical problems from neck injuries to paralysis. Different diseases wear down the body. Physical handicaps may require braces or the use of crutches, other walking aids or a wheelchair.
More minor physical disabilities may mean an arm or a leg that won't bend or straighten, making certain movements awkward or impossible. Age may bring on stooped shoulders and frailty.
Physical handicaps also include the inability to hear (deafness) or see (blindness).
- Physical disabilities or handicaps are revealed in many different ways 3.
- More minor physical disabilities may mean an arm or a leg that won't bend or straighten, making certain movements awkward or impossible.
The Effects of Disability
Mental handicaps or disabilities are not as easy to discern as many physical limitations 3. Mental disabilities may be a problem with the eye and mind working together--as with dyslexia, when letters don't stay where they belong on the page. Mental handicaps may range from very mild to severe with those who are developmentally disabled.
The term developmentally disabled refers to those not maturing at the level of their peers due to some type of impairment. This might be a problem interacting with others, as with the autism spectrum, or a problem with mental functions and cognitive understanding that hinders learning, thought processes and mental as well as physical responses.
Some individuals take time to think things through. Others can be taught how to interact. Still others have difficultly functioning in society at all, and need both supervision and constant care.
Mental handicaps may stem from injury, inadequate nutrition, abuse, drug use or genetics.
- Mental handicaps or disabilities are not as easy to discern as many physical limitations 3.
- Mental disabilities may be a problem with the eye and mind working together--as with dyslexia, when letters don't stay where they belong on the page.
Emotional handicaps may stem from life choices such as:
- drug use
- drug interactions
- injuries from an accident
- or physical and/or emotional abuse
Improper use of drugs confuses a person temporarily or permanently, causing emotional damage. An individual may not be able to process reality. Drug use may cause black outs, rages or irrational choices, or cause the individual to be abnormally passive.
The Effects of Disability
Characteristics of Intellectually Disabled Children
What Are the Major Symptoms of Intellectually Disabled Adults?
4 Symptoms of Leg Weakness You Should Learn to Recognize
Autism Symptoms in an 8-Year-Old Child
Visual Perception Problems in Children
How to Recognize an INFJ
Names of Tactile Disorders
Physiological Barriers to Communication
Nonverbal Communication Facts
Carolyn Scheidies has been writing professionally since 1994. She writes a column for the “Kearney Hub” and her latest book is “From the Ashes.” She holds a Bachelor of Science in journalism from the University of Nebraska at Kearney, where she has also lectured in the media department.