What Is the Difference Between Magnesium Glycinate and Magnesium Gluconate?

Magnesium glycinate and magnesium gluconate are magnesium salts of an organic acid and magnesium 12. Both can be used to provide magnesium in the diet 12.


Magnesium glycinate is composed of magnesium, a common metal, and glycine, a primary amino acid 12. Magnesium gluconate is composed of magnesium and gluconic acid, a common biological chemical 12.


The Side-Effects of Magnesium Glycinate

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You should consult your physician before taking magnesium supplements 12. There are numerous special cases in which magnesium can be harmful instead of beneficial 12. Also, an excess of magnesium in the diet can cause diarrhea, and in the long term, kidney damage 12.


Magnesium helps maintain healthy muscle function, normal blood pressure and it is involved in numerous enzymatic functions 12.

Magnesium and Diabetics

Side Effects of Magnesium on Kidneys

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Low magnesium levels often occur in diabetics from excessive urination and low blood glucose levels 12. Magnesium glycinate is a better option for stabilizing magnesium levels in diabetics as gluconate is processed through the same pathways as glucose 12.


There is the possibility of allergic reactions from taking magnesium gluconate 12. These reactions often occur from one of the support materials in the supplement, rather than from magnesium gluconate itself 12. Magnesium glycinate can have this same effect 12.