Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is the medical term for an enlarged prostate gland. The prostate is an organ in which semen is produced and it is located under the bladder, surrounding the urethra. For this reason, excess pressure from enlargement causes difficulty in urination. Most BPH symptoms relate to urination and include: weak stream, straining, frequent and urgent need to urinate, increased night time urination, blood in the urine and inability to completely empty the bladder. Cures and treatments are selected based on severity of symptoms and range from herbal supplements to surgery.
Take Saw Palmetto. For minor cases and for overall prostate health, the herb Saw Palmetto has been found effective in reducing enlarged prostate glands. Extracts are available in pill form with 1 to 2 capsules per day recommended.
Add Zinc Supplements. A deficiency of this mineral in the body has been linked to prostate abnormalities, including enlargement. Available as dietary supplements, take 30-100 milligrams daily per package instructions.
Get a Physician's Prescription. For moderate cases of enlarged prostate, your doctor may prescribe medications like the Alpha Blockers Hytrin, Cardura or Flomax or the Enzyme Inhibitors Proscar or Avodart. These drugs shrink the prostate, restoring ease in urination.
Undergo Prescribed Therapies. When medications prove unsuccessful, your physician will advance you to treatments like microwave or laser therapies, stents or needle ablations to enlarge the urethra which will make it easier to urinate.
Schedule Surgery. As a final result, when all other treatment methods have failed, surgery becomes necessary, especially if you have developed bladder stones, kidney damage or are afflicted with frequent urinary tract infections. Options include prostatectomy, laser surgery or trans-urethral incision or resection.