Creatine is a popular supplement for weight lifters and athletes because it may enhance strength and endurance. Creatine is naturally produced from amino acids in the body and delivered by blood to the muscles; the supplements provide additional creatine. They are generally safe for diabetics and exercise is beneficial for diabetes sufferers, though most research in these areas have been done on people with Type 2 diabetes 3. About 90 percent of people with diabetes have Type 2. Speak with your doctor before beginning any exercise program so he can advise you on precautions to take. Creatine and any other supplements should also be cleared with your doctor.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Creatine and Kidneys
Creatine supplements in low dosages, 5 to 10 grams per day, are beneficial and don't cause any health problems, according to the Diabetes Action Research and Education Foundation. The concern that creatine may impair kidney function and thus be dangerous for diabetes sufferers was found to be false in a 2011 study published in the "European Journal of Applied Physiology." The study followed participants taking creatine or a placebo for 12 weeks while on an exercise regime 3. No adverse effects were noted. The name of the study is "Creatine Supplementation Does Not Impair Kidney Function in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Clinical Trial. 1"
Exercise and Diabetes
CLA And Diabetes
Diabetes affects the production of the hormone insulin, which allows your body to control blood sugar. People with type 1 diabetes have pancreases that cannot make insulin at all, and people with type 2 diabetes either cannot make enough or their cells ignore the insulin. Exercise helps regulate blood sugar levels, which is why it is recommended for diabetes sufferers 3. According to an article in "Time" magazine titled "Study: The Best Exercise for Diabetes," a combination of cardio and strength training is best for people with diabetes -- or at least for people with type 2 diabetes 3. Cardio is aerobic exercise that elevates your breathing and heart rate.
- Diabetes affects the production of the hormone insulin, which allows your body to control blood sugar.
Creatine and Diabetes Study
Not only does exercise help regulate blood sugar, but exercise while using creatine supplements helps diabetes sufferers maintain glycemic control, which refers to levels of blood sugar 3. The study titled "Creatine in Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial" found that the participants who took creatine experienced an increase in Glut-4 translocation, which may be related to the improved glycemic control. Glut-4 is a protein that transports the simple sugar glucose into and out of cells. This study was published in 2011 in "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise" journal and involved Type 2 diabetes sufferers 23.
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Even though studies show that exercise is beneficial for diabetes, this does not mean that people with diabetes do not need to monitor their blood sugar levels 3. Check your blood sugar levels before and after workouts. Do not exercise when your blood sugar is too high or too low. If you have any questions on how to monitor your blood sugar levels, what is too high or too low for you, or about your personal limitations, speak to your doctor before you begin a program.
- Even though studies show that exercise is beneficial for diabetes, this does not mean that people with diabetes do not need to monitor their blood sugar levels 3.
- If you have any questions on how to monitor your blood sugar levels, what is too high or too low for you, or about your personal limitations, speak to your doctor before you begin a program.
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- "European Journal of Applied Physiology"; Creatine Supplementation Does Not Impair Kidney Function in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Clinical Trial; Gualano B, de Salles Painelli V, Roschel H, Lugaresi R, Dorea E, Artioli GG, Lima FR, da Silva ME, Cunha MR, Seguro AC, Shimizu MH, Otaduy MC, Sapienza MT, da Costa Leite C, Bonfá E and Lancha Junior AH.; May 2011
- "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise"; Creatine in Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial; Gualano B, DE Salles Painneli V, Roschel H, Artioli GG, Neves M Jr, De Sá Pinto AL, Da Silva ME, Cunha MR, Otaduy MC, Leite Cda C, Ferreira JC, Pereira RM, Brum PC, Bonfá E, and Lancha AH Jr.; May 2011
- FamilyDoctor.org: Diabetes and Exercise
- Zisser HC, Bevier W, Dassau E, Jovanovic L. Siphon effects on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump delivery performance. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010;4(1):98-103. doi:10.1177/193229681000400112
- Lakhtakia R. The history of diabetes mellitus. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2013;13(3):368-370. doi:10.12816/0003257
- Bryan Bledsoe, DO, FACEP, FAAEM, EMT-P. Journal of Emergency Medical Service. What's the difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.
- American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(Supplement 1):S81-S90. doi:10.2337/dc14-S081
- Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Prediabetes - your chance to prevent diabetes. Updated June 11, 2020.
- Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Type 2 diabetes. Updated: May 30, 2019.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes during pregnancy. Updated: June 12, 2018.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes and pregnancy: Gestational diabetes.
- Laugesen E, Østergaard JA, Leslie RD; Danish Diabetes Academy Workshop and Workshop Speakers. Latent autoimmune diabetes of the adult: current knowledge and uncertainty [published correction appears in Diabet Med. 2015 Dec;32(12):1670]. Diabet Med. 2015;32(7):843-852. doi:10.1111/dme.12700
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease. Monogenic diabetes (neonatal diabetes mellitus & MODY). Updated November, 2017.
- Lemelman MB, Letourneau L, Greeley SAW. Neonatal diabetes mellitus: An update on diagnosis and management. Clin Perinatol. 2018;45(1):41-59. doi:10.1016/j.clp.2017.10.006
- American Diabetes Association. Complications.
- American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis.
- American Diabetes Association. Eye exams for people with diabetes.
- Powers, MA. et. al. Diabetes self-management education and support in type 2 diabetes: A joint position statement of the American Diabetes Association, the American Association of Diabetes Educators, and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Diabetes Care. 2015;38 (7) 1372-1382; doi:10.2337/dc15-0730
- Association of Diabetes Care and Education Specialists. How a diabetes care and education specialist can help you.
- Bluml, BM, Kolb, L, Lipman, R. Evaluating the impact of year-long, augmented diabetes self-Management support. Popul Health Manag. 2019;22(6):522-528 doi:10.1089/pop.2018.0175
- Cooper Institute: Creatine Supplements: Friend or Foe for Exercise Performance?
- Kreider, R. B. International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: safety and efficacy of creatine in exercise, sport, and medicine. Journal of International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2017; 14: 18.
- MedlinePlus. Creatine.
Sarka-Jonae Miller has been a freelance writer and editor since 2003. She was a personal trainer for four years with certifications from AFAA and NASM. Miller also worked at 24 Hour Fitness, LA Fitness and as a mobile trainer. Her career in the fitness industry begin in 2000 as a martial arts, yoga and group exercise instructor. She graduated cum laude from Syracuse University.