Pronation is part of normal motion of your foot as you walk. You put weight on your foot beginning at the base of the heel and forward through the arch of the foot toward the toes. Your foot normally rolls inward slightly during this process.
Underpronation, also known as supination, is what happens when your foot doesn't roll inward far enough. This typically occurs if you have high arches. The impact of each step is concentrated on a smaller area of the foot and distributes pressure unequally.
If underpronation is not managed or corrected, the stress of continuous impact may result in pain in your legs and feet and even injury. You have several choices for correcting underpronation.
How to Correct Underpronation
Determine how you pronate: normally, too much or not enough. The easiest way is to look at a pair of your used shoes placed on a flat suface. The illustration here will help you understand your specific pronation.
Visit a podiatrist and ask about orthotic inserts, also known as implements. These are devices you wear in your shoes on every day. They are a simple way to correct the condition and help with possible discomfort.
If you run, buy the kind of running shoes that help with underpronation. The shoes should offer you flexibility and cushioning. The right shoe will allow your feet to roll enough inward and protect you from unnecessary stress.
When exercising, warm up and cool down properly to counter possible injury and undue stress on your feet. Even if you have supportive running shoes, you need to warm up your feet and legs before your workout to offer enough flexibility to handle the impact during continuous motion, then stretch properly afterward.