Common Nose Diseases

The nose is a sensitive facial feature that can quickly detect unpleasant smells. Sometimes, certain medical conditions can lead to narrowing of the nasal airway and infections. In some cases, pollen, ragweed and grass can enter the nose and trigger certain nasal conditions.

Is This an Emergency?

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.

Choanal Atresia

According to the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus medical encyclopedia, choanal atresia is the most common nasal defect affecting newborns, occurring in one out of every 7,000 births 13. Its main symptom is breathing difficulties which result in a bluish color to the skin, lips and fingernails due to a lack of oxygen. This disease also leads to problems nursing, nasal blockage affecting one side of the nose and chest retractions (sinking of the chest as the baby breathes inward). The cause of choanal atresia is not known 1.

Treatment may involve placing a tube into the baby's mouth to help him breathe (intubation). Sometimes, a tracheostomy may be needed; this involves surgically creating an airway via the neck. Other types of surgery are also used to treat the condition.

Hay Fever

Fatigue, irritability, facial pain, sinus pressure, swollen eyes and drowsiness are other symptoms of hay fever, says the Mayo Clinic 2.cause:

  • Fatigue
  • irritability
  • facial pain
  • sinus pressure
  • swollen eyes
  • drowsiness are other symptoms of hay fever
  • says the Mayo Clinic 2

Common Cold

MedlinePlus says that colds are the most common reason for children missing school and adults taking days off from work 3. Treatment for the common cold involves drinking plenty of fluids and resting 3. Certain antiviral medications, vitamin C, zinc and echinacea may help manage the common cold, according to MedlinePlus 3.