A fallopian tube is one of two microscopic tubes. These tubes allow a woman’s eggs to pass from her ovaries to her uterus. In order for the egg to migrate successfully, implant and begin a pregnancy, at least one of her tubes must be clear. If either tube is blocked, problems achieving a pregnancy can result. Fortunately, even if you have blocked fallopian tubes, there are ways to help you overcome this problem.
Schedule a hysterosalpingogram (HSG). This is a medical test where dye is injected into a woman’s uterus and her fallopian tubes. A reproductive endocrinologist takes X-rays to determine if the dye can pass through her tubes. The actual test itself can help clear out tiny blockages in the fallopian tubes. If problems are identified, additional procedures can be done to bypass the tubes.
Suspect an ectopic pregnancy is you have symptoms, such as pain in your pelvic area, a missed period and vaginal bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy, where a fertilized egg has implanted somewhere other than the uterus, can block the fallopian tubes and is considered a medical emergency. A reproductive endocrinologist will inject methotrexate into the uterus in an outpatient procedure under anesthesia to preserve fallopian tube function and clear out the blocked tube.
Undergo a tubal ligation reversal. A woman’s fallopian tubes may have been deliberately blocked as a form of surgical birth control. Microsurgery under general anesthesia can reverse a tubal ligation. Success rates vary depending on the surgeon, any preexisting condition and the woman’s overall health.
An IVF procedure can bypass blocked fallopian tubes. With this procedure, a woman is given fertility drugs to stimulate her ovaries and produce multiple eggs. The woman is monitored on a daily basis to look for rising hormone levels. The eggs are then harvested under anesthesia and mixed with the partner’s sperm then placed back into the uterus. The procedure takes place on an outpatient basis.