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Bilateral Tubal Ligation Side Effects

Tubal ligation is preferred by women because of its effectiveness and convenience 2. It lacks the side effects associated with temporary birth control methods. This procedure is considered a permanent, although sometimes reversible, highly effective method of contraception. It may be performed after a C-section, while the patient is still anesthetized, or laparoscopically, which means through small abdominal incisions, as a separate procedure. The surgery requires a general anesthetic, or a spinal or epidural anesthetic, and entails blocking or severing the fallopian tubes. In most cases, the surgery goes smoothly, and there are no significant side effects. However, no surgery is without risks, and some women have experienced side effects.


Every surgery involves risks, including pain, bleeding and infection. Major complications of tubal ligation are uncommon but may include heavy blood loss, complications with general anesthesia, such as:

  • reactions to medications
  • injury to major organs or blood vessels
  • the need for a laparotomy
  • or a larger incision
  • during the surgery 2

Side Effects

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Side effects during recovery from the procedure include cramps, discharge, pain at the wound site, bloating, sharp pains in the neck or shoulder, which are caused by gas put into the abdomen during the procedure, bruising around the wound, lethargy, and general discomfort.cause:

  • Side effects during recovery from the procedure include cramps
  • discharge
  • pain at the wound site
  • bloating
  • sharp pains in the neck or shoulder
  • which are caused by gas put into the abdomen during the procedure
  • bruising around the wound
  • lethargy,
  • general discomfort

Some women have reported symptoms of a condition called Post Tubal Ligation Syndrome, or PTLS 12.

Post Tubal Ligation Syndrome

Most women are satisfied with the procedure, but each decision must be considered carefully, especially if the procedure is scheduled at the time of a C-section. Some women elect to have the procedure then, because it spares them a separate surgery, but they need to be certain they do not wish to have any more children.