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A low level of sodium in your blood may be linked tenuously to the excessive usage of caffeine. When used in large doses, caffeine can have a diuretic effect on your body. This may cause your body to lose electrolytes like sodium, lowering your levels of the mineral.
Caffeine is a substance found in a variety of popular foods and beverages, from chocolate to soft drinks to coffee. Caffeine helps stimulate your nervous system, increasing your alertness and reducing your fatigue. ; March 2011').
Caffeine and Sodium
Ephedrine Vs. Caffeine
Small amounts of caffeine, like those in a couple of cups of coffee or a small soft drink, should not have a diuretic effect. A diuretic is a substance that causes you to urinate more frequently, which can lead to dehydration. However, large amounts of caffeine -- more than 500 to 600 milligrams -- can have this effect on your body. According to the Linus Pauling Institute, excessive urination, typically caused by diuretics like caffeine, has been linked to the loss of sodium from the body.
- Small amounts of caffeine, like those in a couple of cups of coffee or a small soft drink, should not have a diuretic effect.
- A diuretic is a substance that causes you to urinate more frequently, which can lead to dehydration.
If your body loses too much sodium, you can develop a condition called hyponatremia. Hyponatremia can also develop from the loss of fluids due to excessive sweating from prolonged exercise or other reasons, extreme vomiting or diarrhea, and kidney disease. Symptoms of hyponatremia include:
- a headache
- muscle cramps
Complications like brain swelling, seizures and brain damage can develop. In severe and sudden cases, this condition can result in death.
- If your body loses too much sodium, you can develop a condition called hyponatremia.
Other Effects of Caffeine
Coffee & Sodium Depletion
Excessive caffeine use has other negative side effects, in addition to acting as a diuretic. These side effects typically develop after daily doses above around 500 milligrams. However, some individuals may be more sensitive, especially those on certain medications or with particular neurological disorders, like anxiety attacks. Pregnant women should also consume caffeine with caution.
- Excessive caffeine use has other negative side effects, in addition to acting as a diuretic.
- Pregnant women should also consume caffeine with caution.
Ephedrine Vs. Caffeine
Coffee & Sodium Depletion
Congestive Heart Failure & Caffeine
Hydrochlorothiazide & Caffeine Interaction
Weight Loss With Caffeine & Aspirin
Nutritional Problems If You Use Digoxin & Furosemide
Can Too Much Salt Cause Pain in the Joints & Numbness?
How Much Caffeine Is in McDonald's Sweet Tea?
How Do Caffeine Tablets Affect Your Body?
How to Get Rid of Excess Water Weight From Too Much Salt
- MayoClinic.com; Caffeine: How Much Is Too Much?; March 2011
- MayoClinic.com; Caffeine: Is It Dehydrating or Not?; Katherine Zeratsky, R.D., L.D.; August 2011
- Linus Pauling Institute; Sodium (Chloride); Jane Higdon, Ph.D.; February 2004
- Zaragoza J, Tinsley G, Urbina S, et al. Effects of acute caffeine, theanine and tyrosine supplementation on mental and physical performance in athletes. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2019;16(1):56. doi:10.1186/s12970-019-0326-3
- Higashi Y. Coffee and endothelial function: A coffee paradox? Nutrients. 2019;11(9). doi: 10.3390/nu11092104
- Temple JL, Bernard C, Lipshultz SE, Czachor JD, Westphal JA, Mestre MA. The safety of ingested caffeine: A comprehensive review. Front Psychiatry. 2017;8:80. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00080
- National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens. Is caffeine really addictive? Updated 2020.
- The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Moderate caffeine consumption during pregnancy. Updated 2016.
- Kids Health from Nemours. Caffeine. Updated 2017.
- Beydoun MA et. al. Caffeine and alcohol intakes and overall nutrient adequacy are associated with longitudinal cognitive performance among U.S. adults. The Journal of Nutrition. 2014;144(6);890-901. doi:10.3945/jn.113.189027
Joseph McAllister has worked as a writer since 2003. He has more than seven years of experience in training and coaching martial arts. McAllister writes for various websites on a variety of topics including martial arts, competition and fitness. He graduated from Liberty University on a full ride National Merit Scholarship with a Bachelor of Science in print journalism.