Taurine is often considered an amino acid, but technically it is just a natural acid found within your body. Taurine is utilized in functions such as neuron signal transmission, calcium and electrolyte balance, and blood cholesterol and triglyceride regulation. A lack of taurine can lead to gastrointestinal problems, such as bloating and cramping, and fluid retention throughout the body. Some women supplement with taurine to reduce bloating and pelvic discomfort related to PMS, while some bodybuilders use it as a diuretic to lose water and highlight their muscle development.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Taurine and Digestion
Taurine is an important ingredient within bile and can be found in the intestines in abundance. Bile is made in the liver and secreted from the gall bladder into the intestines to aid with fat digestion and utilization. Inadequate amounts of dietary taurine can lead to weak bile and poorly digested fatty food, which continues down into the large intestine to cause problems. 1"
- Taurine is an important ingredient within bile and can be found in the intestines in abundance.
- Bile is made in the liver and secreted from the gall bladder into the intestines to aid with fat digestion and utilization.
Taurine and PMS
Taurine vs. Guarana
One theory as to why PMS symptoms occur is related to pelvic congestion and disruption of the nerve impulses to and from the various neural ganglia surrounding the sacrum and lower lumbar spine. Taurine is thought to alleviate some symptoms of PMS because it helps generate normal nerve impulses. Further, taurine has antioxidant, detoxifying and diuretic properties, which may also help reduce issues related to PMS.
Taurine as a Diuretic
Taurine’s ability as a natural diuretic is said to provide relief from PMS-related water retention and bloating, although the evidence for this claim is still anecdotal. However, taurine is needed for electrolyte balance because it keeps potassium and magnesium inside your cells while keeping excessive sodium-based salts out, as cited in “Fluids and Electrolytes with Clinical Application.” In this way, taurine acts as a diuretic and removes excess fluid from tissues, which the body eventually excretes as urine 3. Further, taurine is involved in calcium homeostasis within bones, and a lack of dietary taurine can lead to elevated levels of calcium in the blood and other tissues, which can cause:
- fluid disruption
Taurine and Cholesterol
Taurine & Breastfeeding
Clogged arteries increase blood pressure, put more strain on the cardiovascular system and lead to pooling of fluid in certain areas of the body, such as the ankles and lower abdomen. Pooling of fluid is called edema, but sometimes referred to as bloating if it occurs within the lower abdomen.
Other Uses of Taurine
Taurine vs. Guarana
Taurine & Breastfeeding
Supplements for Gallbladder Removal
Does Taurine Help With Weight Loss?
Abdomen Enlargement Side Effects from Omeprazole
How to Minimize Gas While Taking Metformin
The Side Effects of Taurine Supplements
Belly Button Pain After Eating Food
Signs of Kidney Blockage
How to Build Muscle Without Creatine
- “Advanced Nutrition: Macronutrients, Micronutrients, and Metabolism”; Carolyn D. Berdanier; 2009
- “Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine”; A. Fauci et al.; 2008
- “Fluids and Electrolytes with Clinical Application”; Joyce LeFever Kee; 2010
- “Human Biochemistry and Disease”; Gerald Litwack; 2008
- Schaffer S, Kim HW. Effects and Mechanisms of Taurine as a Therapeutic Agent. Biomol Ther. 2018;26(3):225-241. doi:10.4062/biomolther.2017.251
- De Luca A, Pierno S, Camerino DC. Taurine: the appeal of a safe amino acid for skeletal muscle disorders. J Transl Med. 2015;13:243. doi:10.1186/s12967-015-0610-1
- Jong CJ, Azuma J, Schaffer S. Mechanism underlying the antioxidant activity of taurine: prevention of mitochondrial oxidant production. Amino Acids. 2012;42(6):2223-2232. doi:10.1007/s00726-011-0962-7
- Xu Y-J, Arneja AS, Tappia PS, Dhalla NS. The potential health benefits of taurine in cardiovascular disease. Exp Clin Cardiol. 2008;13(2):57-65.
- Ahn CS. Effect of Taurine Supplementation on Plasma Homocysteine Levels of the Middle-Aged Korean Women. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2009;643:415-422. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-75681-3_43
- Sun Q, Wang B, Li Y, et al. Taurine Supplementation Lowers Blood Pressure and Improves Vascular Function in Prehypertension: Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study. Hypertension. 2016;67(3):541-549. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.115.06624
- Ballard SL, Wellborn-Kim JJ, Clauson KA. Effects of Commercial Energy Drink Consumption on Athletic Performance and Body Composition. Phys Sportsmed. 2010;38(1):107-117. doi:10.3810/psm.2010.04.1768
- Begolli Gerqari AM, Ferizi M, Halimi S, et al. Erythema exsudativum multiforme induced by a taurine-containing energy drink. Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat. 2016;25(4):83-84. doi:10.15570/actaapa.2016.24
- Maya Y. Pharmacological Value of Caffeine, Taurine and Arginine in Nutritional Supplements and their Relation to Well Known Socially Important Diseases. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. 2015;4(1):24-29. doi:10.11648/j.ijnfs.s.2015040101.15
- National Institutes of Health. Dietary Supplements. Updated March 11, 2020.
Owen Bond began writing professionally in 1997. Bond wrote and published a monthly nutritional newsletter for six years while working in Brisbane, Australia as an accredited nutritionalist. Some of his articles were published in the "Brisbane Courier-Mail" newspaper. He received a Master of Science in nutrition from the University of Saskatchewan.