Starch is a part of a well-balanced diet. Starch is a carbohydrate, the kind of macronutrient that should make up the bulk of your diet. When you digest starch, it is broken down into its simplest form and the excess is stored for later use. However, unlike plants, the human body stores starch in a different form.
Starch is a carbohydrate and like any other dietary carbohydrate, your body breaks it down during digestion. Starch digestion begins in the mouth as the enzyme salivary amylase begins to breakdown the complex structure of starch. Digestion halts in the stomach and begins again as the food enters your small intestine. Starch gets broken down until it is a monosaccharide known as glucose.
- Starch is a carbohydrate and like any other dietary carbohydrate, your body breaks it down during digestion.
- Starch digestion begins in the mouth as the enzyme salivary amylase begins to breakdown the complex structure of starch.
Glycerine Vs. Glycol
Glycogen is the body's storage form of starch, though it is technically glucose. To understand this, you must understand that starch is a plant's storage form of glucose. However, as humans, we store the same glucose as glycogen. Our body is equipped to contain excess glucose molecules as glycogen rather than starch.
- Glycogen is the body's storage form of starch, though it is technically glucose.
After you eat a meal, your body releases the broken down carbohydrates, including starches, as glucose into your bloodstream. This raises your blood glucose levels, which initiates the release of the hormone insulin. This hormone triggers your cells to take in the glucose from your blood and either use it for energy or store it as glycogen for later use. Most all of your cells do this, including your liver, which stores more than its fair share because it helps to regulate your blood glucose, releasing stored glycogen during times of low glucose.
- After you eat a meal, your body releases the broken down carbohydrates, including starches, as glucose into your bloodstream.
- Most all of your cells do this, including your liver, which stores more than its fair share because it helps to regulate your blood glucose, releasing stored glycogen during times of low glucose.
Sources and Considerations
Is Glucose Stored in the Human Body?
Starch is found in many commonly eaten, plant-based foods. These include breads, potatoes, peas, corn and beans 3. Some starches are very easily digestible and can impact your blood glucose rapidly. People who are diabetic may want to control their starch intake for optimal blood glucose control.
- Starch is found in many commonly eaten, plant-based foods.
- People who are diabetic may want to control their starch intake for optimal blood glucose control.
Glycerine Vs. Glycol
Is Glucose Stored in the Human Body?
Sucrose, Dextrose & Maltodextrin
Do Carbs Make Your Belly Fat?
List of Slow-Release Carbohydrate Foods
Carbohydrates in Potato Starch
What Is the Function of Lactose?
Does Aerobic Exercise or Lifting Weights Burn More Carbs?
Can Diabetics Eat Rye Bread & Pumpernickel Bread?
High Liver Enzymes & High Blood Sugar
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- American Diabetes Association: Diabetes Myths
- Al-Mana, N. M., & Robertson, M. D. (2018). Acute Effect of Resistant Starch on Food Intake, Appetite and Satiety in Overweight/Obese Males. Nutrients, 10(12), 1993. doi:10.3390/nu10121993
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- Englyst, Klaus, et al. "Glycaemic index of cereal products explained by their content of rapidly and slowly available glucose." British Journal of Nutrition. 89 (2003):329-339.
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- Higgins, Janine, et al. "Resistant starch consumption promotes lipid oxidation." Nutrition and Metabolism 1.8 (2004): 1743-7075.
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Laura Niedziocha began her writing career in 2007. She has contributed material to the Stoneking Physical Therapy and Wellness Center in Lambertville, N.J., and her work has appeared in various online publications. Niedziocha graduated from Temple University with a Bachelor of Science in exercise science. She also has her Associate of Arts in communications from the Community College of Philadelphia.