What Effect Does Healthy Eating & Exercise Have on the Body?

Many people associate diet and exercise with weight loss 1. While diet and exercise are important components to losing weight, they offer other health benefits as well. A healthy diet and regular exercise should be the part of everyone's lifestyle regardless of weight issues. Diet and exercise maintain important body functions, reduce the risk of many ailments, and increase energy and self-esteem.

Weight Control

Ultimately, the number of calories you consume versus the number of calories you expend, determine your weight. If the two are equal, your weight remains stable. Eating more calories than you burn, results in weight gain whereas creating a calorie deficit by eating less or burning more results in weight loss. Diet alone can impact weight, but adding exercise can offset extra calories consumed or if eating fewer calories, exercise can burn extra calories to effect weight loss.

Prevent Illness

Carrying excess weight can lead to health problems such as heart disease. However, you don't have to be overweight to have health problems. Food supplies the body with nutrients needed for it to function properly. Proper diet that includes lean proteins, fruits and vegetables and whole grains helps keep your immune, digestive, and other systems running. Exercise burns calories to reduce fat associated with heart disease and diabetes, but it also strengthens the heart and lungs making them work more efficiently. Like good nutrition, exercise helps keep your body systems working properly.

Increase Energy

Food provides fuel for the body. Eating a balanced diet provides needed nutrition to help the body function at optimum levels. Junk food not only don't provide any nutritional value, but often are high in fat, sugar and refined carbohydrates that can lead to feelings of fatigued and sluggishness. Exercise increases the efficiency of your heart and lungs, which leads to more energy.

Improved Self-Esteem

Diet and exercise help build a body that looks great and functions efficiently, which leads to better body and self-image. Exercise releases several chemicals into the brain that help reduce stress, anxiety and depression. Further exercise increases your feelings of confidence, and improves mood and thought processes.