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Broccoli sprouts, also called Brassica oleracea italica, are broccoli harvested when the broccoli plant is 3 to 4 days old 4. Consuming this type of broccoli may be beneficial in the treatment or prevention of certain types of cancer and bacterial stomach infections, according to the American Cancer Society 24. Side effects of broccoli sprouts occur infrequently and are generally mild 4.
No Side Effects
The consumption of broccoli sprouts is generally not associated with side effects 4. Health professionals with Drugs.com report that the beneficial effects of broccoli sprouts may occur following the daily consumption of at least 50 g of broccoli sprouts 4.
Gas or Stomach Irritation
What Are the Benefits of Eating Broccoli Every Day?
One cup of raw broccoli contains approximately 2.64 g of dietary fiber, the USDA reports, making this vegetable a high-fiber food 4. Consuming high-fiber broccoli sprouts may irritate your digestive tract, causing gassiness, the American Cancer Society reports 24. People who have intestinal problems or diarrhea should avoid eating high-fiber foods, such as broccoli sprouts, as consumption of these food products may exacerbate such medical conditions 4. If you experience persistent stomach pain or gas after eating broccoli sprouts, seek additional care from your health care provider 4.
Broccoli sprouts contain a number of beneficial nutrients that help promote health and well-being 4. Consuming one serving of broccoli sprouts also helps you meet the recommended 2.5 to 3 cups of vegetables adults should consume daily, the USDA reports 4.
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- USDA: My Pyramid - How Many Vegetables are Needed Daily or Weekly?
- American Cancer Society: Broccoli
- Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center: Broccoli Sprouts
- Drugs.com: Broccoli
- Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University: Isothiocyanates
- Broccoli, raw. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. FoodData Central. Updated April, 2019.
- World's Healthiest Foods. Broccoli. The George Mateljan Foundation. No date.
- Fiber. Eatright.org. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. November 2, 2018
- Kaczmarczyk MM, Miller MJ, Freund GG. The health benefits of dietary fiber: beyond the usual suspects of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and colon cancer. Metabolism. 2012;61(8):1058–1066. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2012.01.017
- Bahadoran Z, Tohidi M, Nazeri P, Mehran M, Azizi F, Mirmiran P. Effect of broccoli sprouts on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2012;63(7):767-71. doi:10.3109/09637486.2012.665043
- Blekkenhorst LC, Sim M, Bondonno CP, et al. Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Specific Vegetable Types: A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2018;10(5):595. Published 2018 May 11. doi:10.3390/nu10050595
- How Do I Follow a Healthy Eating Pattern? American Heart Association. 2020
- Cruciferous vegetables and cancer prevention. National Cancer Institute. Updated June 7, 2012.
- Vasanthi HR, Mukherjee S, Das DK. Potential health benefits of broccoli--a chemico-biological overview. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2009;9(6):749-59. doi:10.2174/138955709788452685
- Rajendran P, Rengarajan T, Nandakumar N, Palaniswami R, Nishigaki Y, Nishigaki I. Kaempferol, a potential cytostatic and cure for inflammatory disorders. Eur J Med Chem. 2014;86:103-12. doi:10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.08.011
- Sugita Y, Makino T, Mizawa M, Shimizu T. Mugwort-mustard allergy syndrome due to broccoli consumption. Case Rep Dermatol Med. 2016;2016:8413767. doi:10.1155/2016/8413767
- Vitamin K. Consumer Fact Sheet. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Updated February 24, 2020
- Labensky, SR, Hause, AM. On Cooking: A Textbook of Culinary Fundamentals. 3rd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003: 617.
- Linus Pauling Institute. Micronutrients for Health.
Rae Uddin has worked as a freelance writer and editor since 2004. She specializes in scientific journalism and medical and technical writing. Her work has appeared in various online publications. Uddin earned her Master of Science in integrated biomedical sciences with an emphasis in molecular and cellular biochemistry from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine.