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What Are the Effects of a Vitamin D Deficiency on Teeth?

By Stacey Grant, M.S., C.P.T.

People can become deficient in Vitamin D due to poor diet, excessive caffeine intake, having a dark complexion or living in less sunny climates. Vitamin D is created by the skin upon exposure to sunlight and the vitamin can also be found in fortified foods and beverages. Vitamin D is crucial to building and maintaining the health status not just of your bones but of your teeth as well.

Delayed Formation

Dental hypoplasia is a condition characterized by having white spots, small fissures or deep grooves in the enamel of teeth. According to the National Institute of Health, this condition is prevalent in children born to mothers who suffer from vitamin D deficiency. According to researchers at University of Iowa, enamel hypoplasia is remedied by bonding tooth colored material onto the teeth or replacing them with metal crowns.

Structural Integrity

Vitamin D and calcium are integral partners in providing strong teeth and bones. When you are deficient in either, your body must maintain its blood supply of those vitamins by leeching them from your bones. In addition to weak and porous bones, loss of bone in your jaw can lead to loss of teeth in the long term.

Structural Integrity

Having teeth that are soft or misshapen is typically a hereditary trait that might be linked to vitamin D deficiency. In utero, an infant is dependent upon the calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus its mother takes in to form healthy bones and teeth. If maternal intake is deficient, formation of those structures and the child's own vitamin D levels will be impaired. This can translate to teeth that are weak and malformed in adulthood.

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