What does fact checked mean?
At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data.
The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made.
Papillomas are benign abnormal growths within the milk ducts of the breast, the tubes that connect the glandular breast lobules to the nipple. Women with intraductal papillomas typically experience abnormal nipple discharge, along with pain in the affected breast and the development of a breast lump. Although papillomas are typically not cancerous, they may require treatment to reduce a future risk of developing breast cancer.
Most cases of papilloma within the breast are effectively treated with a breast-conserving surgery, reports MedlinePlus 1. Since these papillomas are usually benign, the tumor has no invasive properties and responds to surgical excision. During the surgery, the doctor creates a small incision in the breast and cuts away any tumor tissue, leaving behind healthy breast tissue. To confirm that the papilloma is benign, the surgeon will often also remove small samples of tissue from around the tumor to test for the presence of tumor cells, which would indicate a more serious and invasive tumor. Women with intraductal papillomas may require surgery in one or both breasts, depending on the characteristics of the papilloma 1.
Breast Secretions in Teens
In some cases, a papilloma of the breast can involve the nipple, since each nipple contains a small amount of ductal tissue. When papilloma occurs in the nipple, it creates a condition called papillomatosis, which requires nipple removal to treat the tumor. The severity of the surgery depends on the characteristics of the tumor and may require partial or complete nipple removal in one or both breasts, reports the UCLA Health System 2. Excision of the nipple can disrupt or abolish the ability to breastfeed after treatment, so patients should discuss the effects of nipple excision with a physician before treatment.
- In some cases, a papilloma of the breast can involve the nipple, since each nipple contains a small amount of ductal tissue.
Patients who have developed papillomas of the breast must also undergo regular monitoring to assess the health of their breasts. Since papillomas stem from abnormal growth of duct cells similar to what occurs in ductal breast cancer, patients with papillomas may have a predisposition to some forms of breast cancer. MedlinePlus indicates that this risk is particularly apparent in patients with a family history of breast cancer or in patients whose papillomas contained abnormal cells. Regular clinical examinations and mammograms can help detect potentially cancerous growths in the breast ducts and allow for early treatment of breast cancer.
- Patients who have developed papillomas of the breast must also undergo regular monitoring to assess the health of their breasts.
Breast Secretions in Teens
What Are the Causes of Breast Lumps and Swollen Arm Pit Nodes?
What Are the Causes of Thickness in Breast Tissue?
What Are the Causes of Breast Density?
Common Sites for Breast Cancer
What Are the Treatments for Precancer in the Breast?
What Is the Difference Between a Regular Mammogram & a Bilateral Mammogram?
Characteristics of Breast Cancer Lumps
How to Remove Breast Hair
Causes of Itching Breasts
- MedlinePlus: Intraductal Papilloma
- UCLA Health System: Breast Help Updates
- Li A, Kirk L. Intraductal Papilloma. [Updated 2020 Jan 10]. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-.
- Ko D, Kang E, Park SY, et al. The Management Strategy of Benign Solitary Intraductal Papilloma on Breast Core Biopsy. Clin Breast Cancer. 2017;17(5):367-372. doi:10.1016/j.clbc.2017.03.016
- Debnath D, Al-okati D, Ismail W. Multiple Papillomatosis of Breast and Patient's Choice of Treatment. Patholog Res Int. 2010;2010:540590. doi:10.4061/2010/540590
- Han SH, Kim M, Chung YR, et al. Benign Intraductal Papilloma without Atypia on Core Needle Biopsy Has a Low Rate of Upgrading to Malignancy after Excision. J Breast Cancer. 2018;21(1):80-86. doi:10.4048/jbc.2018.21.1.80
- Berná-serna JD, Torres-ales C, Berná-mestre JD, Polo L. Role of galactography in the early diagnosis of breast cancer. Breast Care (Basel). 2013;8(2):122-6. doi:10.1159/000350779
- Khan S, Diaz A, Archer KJ, et al. Papillary lesions of the breast: To excise or observe?. Breast J. 2018;24(3):350-355. doi:10.1111/tbj.12907
- American Cancer Society. Intraductal Papillomas of the Breast. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/non-cancerous-breast-conditions/intraductal-papillomas.html
- Li A, Kirk L. Intraductal Papilloma. StatPearls Publishing. 2019.
Sylvie Tremblay holds a Master of Science in molecular and cellular biology and has years of experience as a cancer researcher and neuroscientist.