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10 Ways to Reduce Your Use of Plastic

Whether it is molded into a different shape, sitting in a landfill or destroying a natural habitat, virtually all of the plastic we have ever used is somewhere on the planet. And the environmental effects are disastrous. According to the Plastic Disclosure Project, plastic negatively impacts more than 700 species of birds and animals. A recent study found that more than half of all sea turtles have ingested plastic bags and that almost all of the world’s seabird population will be contaminated with plastics by 2050. It’s not just marine life that is suffering: According to Environmental Health News, some chemicals found in plastics, which can be absorbed by human bodies, have been found to change human hormones and can even have other negative effects on human health.

1. Keep Reusable Tote Bags in Your Car

According to Surfrider Foundation, it is estimated that Americans go through about 100 billion plastic bags a year, which works out to 360 bags per year per person. Though these bags are often reused around the house, from trash-can liners to dog-poop bags, the majority end up in landfills, leaching chemicals into our water system. “When it rains, trash on sidewalks and streets accumulates in the gutter and is swept into a city’s storm drain system. Most storm drain systems discharge directly into the nearest waterway, which eventually flows to the ocean,” said Eiring.

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2. Carry a Reusable Water Bottle With You Everywhere

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When use of plastic water bottles boomed in the 1990s, according to, the amount of plastic waste increased dramatically. On average, Americans now buy more than 50 billion plastic bottles per year, only 40 percent of which are recycled. Many of these bottles contain two chemicals harmful to humans, bisphenol A (BPA) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Over time, these substances can change the hormone balance in human bodies. A report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicated that 93 percent of people have levels of BPA in their urine that can be detected. The simple solution: Bring a BPA-free water bottle with you during the day, and fill up on the go.

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3. Go Straw-Free

Straws are one of the top five things picked up during beach cleanups in coastal communities by Surfrider’s chapter network. And it’s no surprise when you figure that more than 6 million straws have been produced in the past 25 years. The Be Straw-Free project ( is trying to change that policy. Started by an 11-year-old boy from Vermont, its focus is on restaurants to adopt his “Offer First” policy, in which vendors offer straws to customers instead of just automatically serving them with all beverages. Follow this advice in your own life to significantly reduce your use of plastics.

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4. Buy in Bulk

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Buying from the bulk food bins at the grocery store is not just an environmentally friendly thing to do, it also keeps more money in your wallet. A 2012 report from Portland State University showed how buying in bulk could prevent hundreds of millions of pounds of packaging from going into landfills every year. In addition, the same report confirms that consumers can save 89 percent of their food budget by buying bulk instead of packaged foods. Not only is there less waste in terms of non-recyclable plastic packaging, but also food manufacturers save money on material and delivery costs in some key categories -- savings that are passed along to consumers. Try reusing the plastic bags you get from the bulk sections each time you return to the store before transferring them to non-plastic containers at home.

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5. Axe Beauty Products With Microbeads

Small plastic beads found in cosmetics are ending up in our waterways. One researcher found 1.1 million of them per square kilometer in Lake Ontario, according to an NPR report. These beads, which soak up toxins, look like food to marine life. So the fish eat them, and then we eat the fish. The best way to get these bits of plastic out of your life is to avoid “polyethylene” or “polypropylene” in common drugstore items like toothpaste, exfoliators and soap.

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6. Reuse Sandwich Baggies (It's Worth the Wash)

It’s not just plastic shopping bags that are ending up in sea turtles: Ziploc bags aren’t being recycled either, and they’re a major contributor to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. “(It) is an area of plastic debris two times the size of Texas where currents converge and collect debris -- mainly various types of plastics,” said Nancy Eiring. This debris blocks sunlight from reaching algae and plankton critical to the entire food web of ocean life. Reuse baggies by washing them with soap and cold water, as Mother Jones recommends, in order to avoid any potential chemical leaching into food. Even better: Buy reusable sandwich and snack bags instead.

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7. Just Say No to EPS Foam Containers

EPS foam, commonly known as Styrofoam, is a lightweight packaging material with high heat retention, great for coffee cups and packing materials. However, it is virtually unrecyclable and made from petroleum, a non-sustainable, polluting substance. The process of manufacturing EPS foam is also a hazard in and of itself; workers who produce styrene expose themselves to adverse health effects. In 2011, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services stated that EPS foam can “reasonably be anticipated to be a human carcinogen.” When these containers are used for hot food, studies have shown that chemicals leach from the material into food. Bring a reusable mug for coffee, your own glass containers for leftovers at restaurants and use biodegradable packing peanuts made from organic materials like cornstarch.

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8. Quit Disposable Utensils

In an ideal world we would never have to use disposable utensils. Plastic forks and knives have made take-out lunch easier, plus sample-size spoons have been a boon for ice cream stores everywhere. It’s estimated that 40 billion individual plastic utensils are manufactured each year, and most are not recyclable, according to Whole Foods Magazine. Enter newer compostable forks and knives, made from wood and other plant materials, that will biodegrade naturally. Even better: Think ahead and bring reusable utensils when you are on the go.

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9. Leave Produce Containers at the Store

When you shop right at the food source, reusing containers becomes easy. If you go to the same farmers market every week, the vendors will be grateful to see those green plastic containers for berries and cherry tomatoes, suggests You can do this at a regular grocery store too: After checking out, empty out the produce into your own glass food-storage containers before leaving the store. That way the fruit stays uncrushed by your tote bag, and you can give the plastic directly back to the store to use another time.

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10. Recognize That You Have a Choice

“Once people understand the problem, it is easy to make changes in our behaviors. If you think about how much plastic you use -- from bags to water bottles to plastic straws -- it all adds up,” said Nancy Eiring of the Surfrider Foundation. Take a look around your house and see what you can change in your own life. Choose a bakery that uses paper packaging -- or just bake your own bread. Choose to use matches instead of plastic lighters. Reduce your waste overall in order to decrease your use of plastic trash bags, for instance, by using cloth napkins and cleaning rags instead of paper towels. Choose to buy foods like maple syrup and peanut butter in glass jars. Put drinking water in stainless-steel containers for adults and sippy cups for kids. With so many small things that can reduce your daily use of plastics, it just requires you to start making smarter, more conscious choices.

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What Can YOU Do?

What do you think about these tips? Do you have any other ideas to reduce your use of plastic? Will you implement any of these changes in your life?

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