Typically, your teeth are tightly connected to your jawbone via their roots, so normal biting and chewing will not loosen or move them. However, an underlying dental condition or trauma can cause any of your teeth to become loose. In some cases, your loose teeth can be fixed without out extractions.
Treat the underlying cause. Periodontal disease, which is caused and worsened by bacterial plaque deposits, causes your gums to pull away from your teeth. It is a common cause of loose teeth, according to the Mayo Clinic, but preventable. If you have gum disease, your dentist may employe a quadrant scaling to try to save your teeth. With this procedure you will have all the bacterial plaque removed from your affected teeth. The surface of your teeth will be smoothed to help your gum regrow and reattach to the base of your teeth. These procedures will prevent further gum disease and possibly keep other teeth from loosening.
Splint your loose teeth. In a splinting procedure, your teeth can increase their strength. Your dentist will place a thin wire that resembles one used with dental braces to stabilize your teeth. A white composite made of resin filling material will be bonded onto your teeth to keep the wire in place. The resin is the same type used to fill cavities. The wire and fillings will join your loosened teeth to your surrounding stable teeth, allowing you to eat without pain. This splint will be a permanent solution to loose teeth, according to Dentistry.com.
Tooth extraction. Your doctor may recommend a tooth extraction for your loose tooth or teeth if other options are not viable. If any of your teeth are removed, your dentist will suggest either a dental implant to replace your missing teeth, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Good preventative maintenance is needed after your teeth are splinted. You will have to use a device known as a proxy brush to carefully brush between the splinted teeth. You will no longer be able to floss.
Also, you will need to visit the dentist every three to six months to ensure proper dental care and maintain the splint properly, according to Dentistry.com.