The head coach of a team may call a timeout during a game if his team is in control of the ball and he gives a visual or oral signal to the referee. A player may call a timeout during a game only if he has control of the ball and signals the referee. When the ball is "dead" (not in play), either the coach or a player may signal a timeout.
The visual signal that is usually given is a "T" sign formed by placing the palm of one hand horizontally over the upright fingers of the other hand, which is being held vertically. Oral signals are usually the words "time" or "timeout" yelled at the referee. Because basketball games are usually loud and fast-paced, coaches and players typically use both signals simultaneously in order to get the referee's attention.
In games that are not televised, a "full" timeout is 75 seconds long and the "30-second" timeout adheres to it's namesake. In televised games, full timeouts can be either 60 or 75 seconds long, depending on the media agreement. Thirty-second timeouts are the same.
For a non-televised game, each team receives four full timeouts and two 30-second timeouts. The timeouts can be used at any time during either half of the game. Any timeouts not used in the first half of the game carry over into the second half. In televised games, the number of timeouts is controlled by the number of commercials stipulated in the media agreement. Generally, each team is given four full timeouts and two 30 second timeouts to use during the course of a game, plus any media "timeouts" for commercial breaks.
Electronic-media timeouts are only used during televised games and can vary according to the media agreements for each game. If the agreement calls for three media timeouts, they will occur after the 15-, 10-, and 5-minute marks after the first dead ball. If the agreement calls for four timeouts, then they will occur after the 16-, 12-, 8-, and 4-minute marks after the first dead ball. Electronic-media timeouts can be either 60 seconds or 75 seconds long, depending on the terms of the agreement.
If the score is tied at the end of regulation play, the game goes into overtime. In both televised and non-televised games, each team receives one extra 75-second timeout per overtime session, plus any timeouts each team did not use during the game.