Add the Extra Yardage
It's easy enough to see where the ball is marked, but you need to add the extra yards provided by the end zone and the placeholder. The end zone spans 10 yards from the goal line to the goal posts, and the placeholder lines up about seven yards behind the long snapper. This adds 17 yards to the kick attempt on top of where the ball is placed on the field. A ball downed on the 40-yard line would be a 57-yard field goal attempt, which is near the maximum of most NFL kicker's competitive ranges. The temperature, altitude, wind and leg strength of the kicker also help dictate range.